Hazuri Bagh (Culture)

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Article Upload Date: Thu 20 Jun 2019

      
Hazuri Bagh, lined with cloisters for mendicants and holy men, was designed as a court for the grand masjid. The Hazuri Bagh tent that dominates the centre of the quad was designed by Ranjit Singh. Opposite (south) is that the Hazuri Bagh Gate, that was designed as a part of a boarding house for students and students hooked up to the mosque. a formidable entrance within the east, the Alamgiri entrance, was designed specially and orientating within the direction of the masjid to produce appropriate stress once entered from the stronghold.
Once called Serai of Aurangzeb, the house of worship courtyard would be crowded by the procession of the emperor once he came to supply his Friday prayers at the grand house of worship. Hazuri Bagh provided the stage on that the eclat of the Mughal emperor was showcased, his train a throng of mace-bearers, omerah, grandees and nobles. The traveller Francois Bernier recorded that the means from the stronghold, would be lined by many troopers in their dazzling uniforms creating a sparkly passage for the emperor.
The entrance to the masjid with its lofty footstall, makes it imperative to climb its twenty two steps to succeed in the platform, and provides a prospect of the grandeur at intervals the masjid enclosure.

Title Description
Details
Province: punjab
In Urdu: حضوری باغ
Languages: urdu
Near By Place: Iqbal Park 0.6 km , Karim Park 0.9 km , Ravi Park and Nabi Park 1.1 km , Qasoor Pura 1.4 km , Amin Park, Lahore 1.6 km , Vegetable and Fruit Market 1.7 km, BADAMI BAGH 1.7 km , Khokhar Town 2.3 km , Shumal Maghribi Lahore (North West Lahore) 2.9 km , Yousaf Park 5.1 km
Coordinates: 31°35'18
Near By Cities: Shumali Lahore (North Lahore) 2.9 km , Muridke 27 km , Lahore 29 km , Raiwind 37 km , Shaikhupura 38 km , Kasur 50 km , Chunian 75 km , Jaranwala City 92 km , Okara 119 km , Tandlianwala 130 km
local folk music is also presents: Sunday
Faqir Aziz live near: Bhati Gate
major role play in the construction : Faqir Aziz
garden was planned : Faqir Azizuddin
enclosure between: Alamgiri Gate of the Lahore
bounded by: Lahore Fort
pavilion was built: double storied building in 1813
garden : originally a 45-foot, three-storey sq
Built In: 1818
Designed by : Ranjit Singh.
square garden was originally built by: Aurangzed as a serai, or Moghul hoel
Location: Lahore, Pakistan


Hazuri Bagh

The Mughalised engaging marble baradari adorning the Hazuri Bagh

The Mughalised engaging marble baradari adorning the Hazuri Bagh

Hazuri Bagh was place along on the orders of Ranjit Singh in 1818 to celebrate the capture of the known Koh-i-Noor Diamond from sovereign Shuja of Islamic State of Afghanistan. Its Mughal character is obligated to the fabric off from Mughal monuments and reused here. The tent was created in 1818 and originally consisted of a basement and 2 level on top of ground. Elegant lapidarian marble pillars support the baradari’s delicate cuspated arches. The central space, wherever Ranjit Singh control court, incorporates a reflected ceiling. each the garden and also the baradari, originally a 45-foot, three-storey sq. with a basement approached by fifteen steps, suffered intensive harm throughout the fratricidal Sikh wars and was solely rescued and ordered out consistent with the initial set up throughout a people amount. On nineteen Gregorian calendar month 1932, the topmost story folded because of serious violent storm and lightning. attributable to a scarceness of funds the highest level was ne’er restored; but, the primary floor marble lattice bannister, that had additionally been severely broken, was restored 3 years later. From up to date illustrations the planning of the highest level is evident: a chamber perforate by cuspated arch openings, set within the middle of an oversized terrace and well set back from the sting of the bottom floor roof. The Baradari was the main focus of imperial displays throughout the Sikh rule. though the takht (or throne) was the stronghold, Ranjit Singh used the venue of the baradari for conducting functions of state. when his death, the tent continuing to be used by his successors. [1] The Mughalised engaging marble baradari adorning the Hazuri Bagh

showcase of Mogul architecture

Gardens of Lahore: Hazoori Bagh

Gardens of Lahore: Hazoori Bagh

Lahore has many names: It is the showcase of Mogul architecture, it is also city of many saints and it also is city of gardens. I have already written about the Mogul architecture that abounds in Lahore - in fact there is so much architecture spread all over the city and outskirts that it requires pages after pages to write about each. As for the saints, I will write a separate post some day. But for today, let me talk of one of the many gardens of Lahore. The gardens left by the Moguls and there after are spectacular and awe inspiring. The best maintained being the Shalamar Gardens. But there is one garden that gets obscured by the two towering architectures on its both end and is never given much attention by the tourists - rather it is taken as part of the both. Yes I am talking of Hazoori Bagh that is located between the Badshahi Mosque ad the Lahore Fort. The word 'Hazoori' is often written as 'Hazuri'  but I think with a double 'O' it is better pronounced. If one stands at the Alamgiri Gate of the Lahore Fort (above right) and looks in the direction of the Badshahi Mosque, there one small pavilion that is almost located half way between the fort and the mosque. Many think that Hazoori Bagh has been a part of the original complex of the Fort and the Mosque and it take it as a Mogul architecture. But a few know that Hazoori Bagh was built much later in the 19th century by Sikh ruler of Punjab Ranjit Singh.

Alamgiri Sarai

Hazuri Bagh

Hazuri Bagh

As per archives, the place where Hazoori Bagh pavilion now stands had a Mogul structure known as Alamgiri Sarai, attributed to have been built by the Emperor Aurangzeb. The Serai of Aurangzeb was in fact a forecourt to the Badshahi Mosque where the Mughal ruler would approach and enter the mosque. But during the Sikh rule, when Lahore was robbed of its treasure, and Ranjit Singh was celebrating the capture of the famous Koh-i-Noor Diamond from Shah Shujah of Afghanistan, he ordered building of a pavilion with gardens around it and named it Hazoori Bagh.

Pavilion

Hazuri Bagh

Hazuri Bagh

The pavilion was built as a double storied building in 1813 marble used for its construction was removed from various Muslim mausoleums in and around Lahore, the same way the ornamnetd panels and glass-work patches were removed from the famous Sheesh Mahal (the Glass House) of the Lahore Fort and used in Sikh religious sites in Amritsar. These are hard facts of history. [2] Gardens of Lahore: Hazoori Bagh

History

Hazuri Bagh (Urdu: حضوری باغ‎) is a garden in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan, bounded by the Lahore Fort (east side), Badshahi Mosque (west side), the Samadhi of Ranjit Singh (north side) and the Roshnai Gate (south side). In the center stands the Hazuri Bagh Baradari, built by Ranjit Singh. The Hazuri Bagh is a small enclosure between the Alamgiri Gate of the Lahore Fort and eastern gate of the Badshahi Mosque. This garden was built by Maharajah Ranjit Singh in 1813 to celebrate the capture of the famous Koh-i-Noor Diamond from Shah Shujah of Afghanistan. The Serai Alamgiri formerly stood here. The garden was planned and built under the supervision of Faqir Azizuddin in the traditional Mughal style layout. After its completion, it is said, Ranjit Singh, at the suggestion of Jamadar Khushhal Singh, ordered that marble vandalized from various mausoleums of Lahore to construct a baradari (pavilion) here. Ranjit Singh vandalized other Mughal tombs and building to construct Sikh temples in Amritsar. This task of builiding baradari was given to Khalifa Nooruddin. Elegant carved marble pillars support the baradari’s delicate cusped arches. The central area, where Ranjit Singh held court, has a mirrored ceiling. Both the garden and the baradari, originally a 45-foot, three-storey square with a basement approached by fifteen steps, suffered extensive damage during the fratricidal Sikh wars and was only reclaimed and laid out according to the original plan during the British period. On 19 July 1932, the uppermost story collapsed and was never reconstructed. Every Sunday afternoon, people gather in the gardens to hear reciters recite traditional Punjabi Qisse, such as Heer Ranjha and Sassi Punnun, and other Punjabi Sufi poetry. The tomb of Muhammad Iqbal lies across from the garden outside of the Badshahi Mosque. [3] Hazuri Bagh and Baradari

Hazuri Bagh and Baradari of Ranjit Singh in Lahore

This is the pavilion of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. It is also known as the Baradari of Ranjit Singh, another structure of historical city of Lahore. It is in the centre of Great Shahi Mosque and Shahi Fort (Lahore Fort) of Lahore city. It is and enclosure between the two historical places. It is in the premises of Hazuri Bagh and surrounded by a small wall. This baradari is a place which has 12 doors and it was a two storey building. In the 19th century which was the last time of Mughal Empire Sikh captured this city for few decades. Ranjit Singh was the Maharaja of Sikh community. City of Lahore got Capital status of the Sikh Kingdom later on British took the charge. Maharaja ordered for its construction and it was a place where he enjoys the evenings, dance of Tawaifs and also attend his audience. An upper floor of this structure got damages in a strong storm. Few of writers claim it as a piece of Mughal Era but most of them are agreed that it belongs to the Sikh Kingdom. Hazuri Bagh is a lush green garden which provides sitting place to the citizens of Lahore. Faqir Aziz ud din took a major role in the construction of this Hazuri Bagh and he lived near the Bhati gate. It reflects the typical Mughal style. Jamadar Khusal Singh and Khilafa Noor ud din were few other names who constructed it. By the passage of time this area got damages which were not repaired or reconstructed again. In the evening the poets of the country get to gather at this point and present their poetry. On every evening of Sunday local folk music is also presents to the audience. Once it was a place where Mughal King gave the briefing to their troops. [4] Hazuri Bagh and Baradari of Ranjit Singh in Lahore

The Tale of Hazuri Bagh Baradari

THE TALE OF HAZURI BAGH BARADARI

THE TALE OF HAZURI BAGH BARADARI

The word baradari literally meaning; ‘with twelve doors’ signifies a square structure with three entrances on each side, making twelve entrances altogether. The Hazuri Bagh pavilion, though it has more than three entrances on each side is still nonetheless referred to as a baradari, for the basic plan is nonetheless that one of the baradari. The side of the baradari which faces the Badshahi mosque and the one, which faces the Raushnai Gate, has four entrances, whereas the other two have five entrances. The baradari has been constructed on a raised platform with two sets of stairs providing access from each side. The façade of the baradari has been totally rendered in white marble, which was gathered by plundering various Mughal monuments in and around Lahore. The ornamentation technique used on the façade is mainly relief work (A decorative technique where stone or wood is carved out to create images), with jaliwork being employed in places. Elaborate arches have been carved out on the exterior of the baradari. These arches boast delicately rendered images of fruit dishes, vases and peacocks. Again, all of these have been done in relief. Moving into the baradari one sees that the baradari has a central portion and an outer portion. Sixteen beautifully ornamented pillars or columns, divide the central portion of the baradari from the outer one. Three archways on each side lead from the outer section into the central section of the baradari; thus it can be said that another baradari is enclosed within the main baradari. The ceilings within the baradari have been made out of plain planks of wood, except for the ceiling of the central portion of the baradari; which has been beautifully rendered in Sikh period ainakari (mirror work).The flooring within the baradari in similar fashion to the ceiling; has not been laid out in white marble; rather, it has been made out of stone. The reason for this was a shortage of white marble left for the construction of the baradari (Laal). [5] THE TALE OF HAZURI BAGH BARADARI

Around

Allama Iqbal Tomb, Samadhi of Ranjit Singh, Alamgiri Gate, Lahore Fort, Moti Masjid (Pearl Mosque), Badshahi Mosque, Horses Park,

When to Go

October to April is the best time to visit Lahore. It is only 217 meters above sea level, so it is hotter than Islamabad, and can get very hot in summer.

How to Reach

Lahore is connected by air, rail and road to the other cities of Pakistan, the airport is some five kilometres (three miles) out of the city centre. It is 292.9 kilometres (182 miles) from Islamabad on the Grand Trunk Road (Nation Highway G.T. Road) and 382.6 kilometres (287.7 miles) from Islamabad on the Motorway/AH1 (4 hrs 3 min) a driver of 4 to 6 hours or a train journey of 5 to 8 hours. The Indian border is 29 kilometres (18 miles) from Lahore along the Grand Trunk Road going east, but it is open only twice a month to foreigners, owing to Sikh unrest in the Indian Punjab. You can fly directly from Lahore to Delhi.[6]  How to Reach 

From Outside

Skyways, Niazi Express, Faisal Mover, Daewoo, Train, Airport.

Within the City

Taxi, Car, Mini Busses, Rikshaws