Frontier Corps Balochistan (F.C Balochistan) Is a Paramilitary Force under the controll of Interior Ministry of Government of Pakistan. Apart from its routine/Border guarding duties,Frontier Corps Balochistan is also employed on Internal Security duties in addition to provision of security to certain organisations and VVIPs. It is a highly professional force committed to maintain peace along borders as well as within the Balochistan.
|Branch:||Paramilitary forces of Pakistan|
|Role:||Law enforcement/Border patrol|
|Part of:||Ministry of Interior (MoI), Ministry of Defence (MoD)|
|Garrison/HQ:||Peshawar, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa Quetta, Baluchistan|
|Inspector General, Peshawar:||Major-General Shaheen Mazhar Mehmood|
|Inspector General, Quetta:||Major-General Nadeem Ahmed Anjum|
|In Urdu:||سرحد واہنی|
|Smuggling Assumed the role :||Parallel economy in the Province of Balocistan|
|Delegated the power of Customs to Frontier Corps:||in 1974 under Custom Act 1969 wherein Frontier Corps is empowered to seize contraband items within 60 KM of the international border.|
|Frontier Corps was raised:||British in 1870 to perform the border security duties along the Indo-Afghan Buffer Zone|
|Address:||Hali Road Frontier Corps Headquarters Quetta. Quetta Balochistan|
|Website:||http://www.frontiercorps.gov.pk/ (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) , http://www.fcbalochistan.gov.pk (Balochistan)|
In order to implement Closed Border Policy, Frontier Corps was raised by British in 1870 to perform the border security duties along the Indo-Afghan Buffer Zone, having its HQ in Peshawar, KPK. FC Balochistan was formally raised in Mar 1974, comprising seven units and 1 Training Center at Loralai. To cater for the growing requirement of complex border and Internal Security operations, on 1st July 2007, a Special Operations Wing (SOW), IAC Squadron and Tank Regiment were also raised .
The achievements and contributions made by frontier Corps Balochistan in complex security situation of the country have been applauded by all segments of the society. For the purpose of Internal Security duties, close coordination is being maintained with ministry of Interior, GHQ, Home Department ( Govt. of Balochistan) and local Police/Civil Administration for timely response so as to tackle any untoward incident efficiently within the province.
Frontier Corps Balochistan during recent years have made tremendous efforts to improve their professional standards despite various internal security and other commitments. This was made possible by clear directive, meticulous planning and focused mission oriented training by all ranks down the chain of Command. The challenges of obtaining environment are enormous and spectrum of threat continues to widen. Role of Frontier Corps Balochistan has enhanced from Border Guarding Force to a more professional outfit, expected to defend particular sectors as well as actively participate in what we call Operations Other Than War, peace keeping missions and disaster relief operations. This perspective presents a challenging scenario which must spur the best in everyone. Measuring up to the challenging task has always been the dominant creed of Frontier Corps Balochistan.
Unfortunately, smuggling has assumed the role of the parallel economy in the Province of Balochistan. It has become an invincible trade which is being run by the big barons so called Sardars, public representatives and the influentials of the Province for the last many decades. Its quantum and profit thereof particularly from drug trafficking, gun running, contraband goods and lately from cars/vehicles has increased manifold which is literally crippling the country economy. Despite all the stringent measures taken by various agencies deputed on anti smuggling duties, the smuggling could not be stopped. It is mainly due to the long borders and its porous nature that provides a wide choice and flexibility to the smugglers to smuggle their goods. However, there is no check when these goods arrive into the markets of big cities.
Besides looking after the International Borders with Afghanistan & Iran and maint of law and order in the province, Frontier Corps Balochistan has also been assigned the responsibilities of anti smuggling duties. Government of Pakistan has delegated the power of Customs to Frontier Corps officials in 1974 under Custom Act 1969 wherein Frontier Corps is empowered to seize contraband items within 60 KM of the international border. However, for narcotics, arms & ammunition there is no limit and can be seized anywhere in the province.
In order to implement Closed Border Policy, Frontier Corps was raised by British in 1870 to perform the border security duties along the Indo-Afghan Buffer Zone, having its HQ in Peshawar, NWFP. 5 Corps, i.e. Zhob Militia, Pishin Scouts, Chagai Militia, Kalat Scouts and Sibi Scouts were deployed in Balochistan as border security and internal security force. FC Balochistan was formally raised in Mar 1974, comprising seven units i.e. 5 units in situ, 2 new units Maiwand Rifles, Mekran Scouts and 1 Training Center at Loralai.
In 1977, 4 more units Ghazaband Scouts, Loralai Scouts, Bhambore Rifles and Kharan Rifles were raised. In the wake of 9/11, Bolan Scouts was raised at Muslim Bagh along Pak- Afghan Border, bringing the total to 12 Corps. The additional raising was undertaken in year 2005-06 to further strengthen the security arrangements. In this package 2 x Sector Headquarters, 3 A Corps and 4 x Mortar Batteries were raised. To meet the training requirements of this sizeable force, FC Battle School was raised at Beleli in year 2006. To cater for the growing requirement of complex border and Internal Security operations, on 1st July 2007, a Special Operations Wing (SOW), IAC Squadron and Tank Regiment were also raised from within own resources. Sui Rifles was raised in March 2011.
The details of achievements of Frontier Corps Balochistan in the field of anti smuggling are as under:
- Seizure Record (Value in Million of Rupees)
- POL Seizure (In Litters)
- Revenue Deposited Government Treasury (Value in Million of Rupees)
- Vehicles Seized (in Numbers)
- Narcotics Seizure (in KGs)
- Weapons Seizure (In Numbers)
- Ammunition Seizure (in Numbers)
- Poppy Eradication Operation (Area in Acres)
- Perform Border Security duties.
- Assist Army/FCNA in the defense of the Country as and when required.
- Protect important Communication Centers and Routes.
- Undertake Counter Militancy/Criminal/Terrorism Operations on orders.
- Assist Law Enforcement Agencies in maintenance of Law and Order.
- Safeguard important sites and assets
During times of difficulties, the government occasionally gives the FC the power to arrest and detain suspects such as in late 2012 and early 2013 when the Prime Minister of Pakistan granted the FC policing powers. These temporary powers can also be extended on the orders or consent of the provincial government or federal government or both.
- The senior command posts of the Frontier Corps are filled by officers seconded from the Pakistan Army for two to three years.
- The Scouts Training Academy, Mirali in North Waziristan is the primary training institution.
- The Frontier Corps in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is headquartered in Bala Hisar Fort in Peshawar.
- The Frontier Corps in Balochistan is headquartered in Quetta and is led by Major General Nadeem Ahmed Anjum. FC Balochistan has a manpower of more than 50,000 troops. The School of Frontier Corps and Training Centre Loralai is the primary training institution, whereas Battle School Belali is for advanced courses.
The corps is divided into thirty local units—fourteen in the North-West Frontier Province and sixteen in Balochistan-and are as follows (with founding date):
- Chitral Scouts (1903)
- Khyber Rifles (1878)
- Kurram Militia (1892)
- South Waziristan Scouts (1900)
- Tochi Scouts (1894)
- Mahsud Scouts (1944)
- Mohmand Rifles
- Shawal Rifles
- Swat Scouts
- Orakzai Scouts
- Khattak Scouts
- Dir Scouts (1970)
- Bajur Scouts (1961)
- Thal Scouts (1948)
- Bhittani Rifles (2015)
Frontier Corps Balochistan
- Zhob Militia (1883)
- Noshki Militia (1896)
- Sibi Scouts (1971)
- Mekran Scouts(1974)
- Taftan Rifles (1977)
- Chaman Scouts (1946)
- Dalbandin Rifles (2007–08)
- Maiwind Rifles (1974)
- Ghazaband Scouts (1977)
- Bambore Rifles (1977)
- Loralai Scouts (1977)
- Qilla Abdullah Scouts (2005)
- Awaran Militia (2007)
- Panjgur Rifles (2005)
- kalat scouts (1965)
- Sui Rifles (2011)
Other Units also Located in Balochistan
- School of FC and Training Centre, Loralai (FCTC)
- IAC SQN
- Frontier Corps Battle School.
- SOW (Special Operation Wing – Janinda)
The rank and file are recruited locally, receiving tough and rigorous training.
The equipment of the Frontier Corps includes G3 rifles, AK-47s, RPG 7, light machine guns, handguns, short range artillery and mortars as well as aviation support and APCs and tanks.
After independence in 1947, the Inspectors-General of FC NWFP were:
- Brig Ahmad Jan, MBE (1950–51)
- Brig K A Rahim Khan (1951–53)
- Brig Bakhtiar Rana, MC (1953–55) (later US-O9 insignia.svg general)
- Brig Sadiq Ullah Khan, M.C (1955–58)
- Brig Rakhman Gul, SQA, S, K, MC (1958–63)US-O9 insignia.svg
- Brig Sadiq Ullah Khan, MC (1963–64)
- Brig Bahadur Sher, MC (1964–66)US-O9 insignia.svg
- Brig Mahboob Khan, TQA (1966–69)
- Brig Mahmud Jan, SQA (1969–71)
- Maj-Gen Shireen Dil Khan Niazi (1971–72)
- Brig Iftikhar e Bashir (1972)
- Maj-Gen Naseerullah Babar, SJ & Bar (1972–74)
- Maj-Gen Ghulam Rabbani Khan, SBt (1974–78)US-O9 insignia.svg
- Maj-Gen Agha Zulfiqar Ali Khan (1978–81)
- Maj-Gen Mian Muhammad Afzal (1982–84)US-O9 insignia.svg
- Maj-Gen Arif Bangash, SBt (1984–86)US-O9 insignia.svg
- Maj-Gen Mohammad Shafiq, SBt (1986–88)US-O9 insignia.svg
- Maj-Gen Ghazi ud Din Rana, SBt (1988–90)
- Maj-Gen Humayun Khan Bangash, TBt (1990–91)US-O9 insignia.svg
- Maj-Gen Muhammad Naeem Akbar Khan (1991–92)US-O9 insignia.svg
- Maj-Gen Mumtaz Gul, TBt (1992–94)US-O9 insignia.svg
- Maj-Gen Fazal Ghafoor, SBt (1994–97)
- Maj-Gen Sultan Habib (1997–2000)
- Maj-Gen Tajul Haq (2000–03)
- Maj-Gen Hamid Khan (2003–04)US-O9 insignia.svg
- Maj-Gen Tariq Masood (2004–06)
- Maj-Gen Alam Khattak (2006–08)US-O9 insignia.svg
- Maj-Gen Tariq Khan (2008–10)US-O9 insignia.svg
- Maj-Gen Nadir Zeb (2010–2012)
- Maj-Gen Ghayur Mehmood, TBt (2012–2014)US-O9 insignia.svg
- Maj-Gen Tayyab Azam (2014 to Dec 2016)
- Maj-Gen Shaheen Mazhar Mehmood(Dec 2016 – till to date)
- Maj.Gen. Rehmat Ali Shah (Mar. 1974 to Dec. 1976)
- Brig. Shakur Jan, SJ (Fen 1977 to Jul 1978)
- Maj.Gen. Alam Jan Mehsud (Jul 1978 to Jun 1980) US-O9 insignia.svg
- Maj.Gen. Khurshid Ali (Jun 1980 to Feb 1984)
- Maj.Gen. M. Akram (Feb 1984 to Nov 1985)
- Maj.Gen. Shafiq Ahmed, SJ (Nov 1985 to Apr 1985)
- Maj.Gen. Sardar M. Khalid (May 1985 to Oct 1990)
- Maj.Gen. Chaudhry M. Nawaz (Nov 1990 to Oct 1991)
- Maj.Gen. Syed Zafar Mehdi (Oct 1991 to Nov 1993)
- Maj.Gen. M. Zia-ul-Haq (Nov 1993 to Oct 1997)
- Maj.Gen. Rafiullah Khan Niazi (Oct 1997 to Oct 1999)
- Maj.Gen. M. Ziaullah Khan (Nov 1999 to Oct 2001)
- Maj.Gen. Syed Sadaqat Ali Shah (Oct 2001 to Oct 2004)
- Maj.Gen. Shujaat Zamir Dar (Oct 2004 to Feb 2007) US-O9 insignia.svg
- Maj.Gen. Salim Nawaz (Mar 2007 to Oct 2010) US-O9 insignia.svg
- Maj.Gen. Ubaid Ullah Khan Khattak (Oct 2010 to Aug 2013) US-O9 insignia.svg
- Maj.Gen. Ejaz Shahid (Aug 2013 to Feb 2015)
- Maj.Gen. Sher Afghun (Feb 2015 to Dec 2016) US-O9 insignia.svg
- Maj.Gen. Nadeem Ahmed Anjum (Dec 2016- todate)
Notable Deputy Inspector generals
- Brigadier Tila Mohammad (2007 to 2008)
- Brigadier Nadir Zeb (2008 to 2010)
- Brigadier Muhammad Usman Khan SI.M (2010 to 2013)
- Brigadier Khalid Javed (2013-2015)
- Brigadier Furqan (2006 to 2008)
- Brigadier Sikandar Khan (2008 to 2009)
- Brigadier Khalid Saleem (2013-2014)
- Brigadier Tahir Mehmood (2014-2015)
Frontier Corps Schools and Colleges
According to former Inspector General FC Major-General Obaidullah khan khattak while addressing to students, parents and journalists in a FC sponsored school ceremony in 2012 that more than 22,000 students are getting education in various FC organised Schools and a College in Balochistan. Most of the FC educational institutes are affiliated with Federal board rather than provincial boards in Balochistan. Currently FC funding/governing three schools and a college in Balochistan.
- Major Pervaiz shaheed FC School & College, Beleli, Quetta. (Ghazaband scouts)
- Lieutenant Safiullah Shaheed FC school, Nushki. (Chaghi Militia)
- FC school, Chaman. (Pishin scouts)
- FC school, Loralai.