Dr. Abdus slam in his
When he cycled home from Lahore, at the age of 14, after gaining the highest marks ever recorded for the Matriculation Examination at the University of the Punjab, the whole town turned out to welcome him. He won a scholarship to Government College
, University of the Punjab, and took his MA in 1946. In the same year he was awarded a scholarship to St. John's College, Cambridge, where he took a BA (honours) with a double First in mathematics and physics in 1949. In 1950 he received the Smith's Prize from Cambridge University for the most outstanding pre-doctoral contribution to physics. He also obtained a PhD in theoretical physics at Cambridge; his thesis, published in 1951, contained fundamental work in quantum electrodynamics which had already gained him an international reputation.Complete Cycle of Education
Smith's Prize (1950) Adams Prize (1958) FRS (1959) Sitara-e-Pakistan (1959) Hughes Medal (1964) Atoms for Peace Prize (1968) Royal Medal (1978) Nobel Prize in Physics (1979) Nishan-e-Imtiaz (1979) Jozef Stefan Medal (1980) Gold Medal for Outstanding Contributions to Physics (1981) Lomonosov Gold Medal(1983) Copley Medal (1990) Cristoforo Colombo Prize (1992)
Electroweak theory · Goldstone boson · Grand Unified Theory · Higgs mechanism · Magnetic photon · Neutral current · Patiâ€“Salam model · Quantum mechanics · Pakistan atomic research program · Pakistan space program · Preon · Standard Model · Strong gravity · Superfield · W and Z bosons
Michael Duff · Ali Chamseddine · Robert Delbourgo · Walter Gilbert · John Moffat · Yuval Ne'eman · John Polkinghorne · Riazuddin · Fayyazuddin · Masud Ahmad · Partha Ghose · Kamaluddin Ahmed · John Taylor · Ghulam Murtaza · Christopher Isham · Munir Ahmad Rashid
Career In Pakistan
Salam returned to Pakistan in 1951 to teach mathematics at Government College, Lahore, and in 1952 became head of the Mathematics Department of the Punjab University
. He had come back with the intention of founding a school of research, but it soon became clear that this was impossible. To pursue a career of research in theoretical physics he had no alternative at that time but to leave his own country and work abroad. Many years later he succeeded in finding a way to solve the heartbreaking dilemma faced by many young and gifted theoretical physicists from developing countries. At the ICTP, Trieste, which he created, he instituted the famous "Associateships" which allowed deserving young physicists to spend their vacations there in an invigorating atmosphere, in close touch with their peers in research and with the leaders in their own field, losing their sense of isolation and returning to their own country for nine months of the academic year refreshed and recharged.Salam returned to Pakistan
First Noble Price Holder
Dr. Taking Noble Prize
He was the first Pakistani to win a Nobel prize in physics after he predicted the existence of the so-called 'God particle', but in his home country Abdus Salam's achievements have been written from the record books.
Despite being a leading figure in Pakistan's space and nuclear program Salam was shunned by Muslim fundamentalists when they took control of the country in the 1970s.
Although he was a Muslim, the physicist, who died in 1996, belonged to the Ahmadi sect, who believed Hadrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad was their spiritual leader as opposed to the prophet Muhammad.Abdus Salam is First Noble Price Holder
Salam, Sheldon Glashow and Steven Weinberg shared the prize for this discovery. He received the Smit Prize from Cambridge University, for the pre-doctoral contribution to Physics and the Hopkins Prize. Later on, he wrote a doctoral thesis on the fundamental work in Quantum electrodynamics. This was published in 1951 and enabled him to earn the Adams Prize. In 1956 he was invited to take a chair at Imperial College, London, where he and Paul Matthews created a lively theoretical physics group. During the early 1960s, however, Salam played a very significant role in establishing the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) the atomic research agency of Pakistan and Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO) the space research agency of Pakistan, of which he was the founding director.
He was also the founder of the Third world academy of sciences (TWAS)and the International centre for theoretical physics (ICTP) . Contribution of Dr.Salam
Abdus Salam with[/size]
The International Center for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) which was founded by Salam in the year 1964, is currently one of the greatest hubs for scientific research in the world.
One of the many contributions of Salam which would be cherished greatly is the establishment of the Pakistan Institute of Research and Technology, in the year 1965. He also paved way for the nation first Atomic Research Reactor in the same year.
Salam played a crucial role in Pakistan attempt to develop the atomic bomb. As per then Prime Minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto
advice, Salam visited the US in 1971. He gained significant knowledge about the development of an atomic bomb during his stay in the US. Many important research meetings were carried out by this collaboration of Bhutto and Abdus Salam. One such important meeting was the famous Multan Meeting
Under Salam leadership, the theoretical design of the nuclear weapon device was completed by the year 1977. This milestone was achieved with the help of many scientists who were a part of theTheoretical Physics Group, an association which was also formed as a result of Salam vision.  Major field working of Dr.
Even while living in England, Salam continued to fight prejudice against his religious group in Pakistan. In 1974 Pakistani president Zulfikar Ali Bhutto declared that the Ahmadiyya sect was not Muslim. In protest, and to show his solidarity with Islam, Salam grew a beard and adopted the name Muhammad. He also frequently spoke throughout developing countries, but most notably in Islamic countries, and often noted that for several centuries the Arab and Muslim world had been in the forefront of science, far ahead of Europe and other parts of the world. He encouraged the founding of other centers similar to the ICTP, and became the first president of the Third World Academy of Sciences.
Salam was married twice, according to Islamic law, which allows men to marry up to four wives. He had six children: one son and three daughters by his first marriage, and a son and daughter by his second. As he grew older, he suffered from a degenerative neurological disease, progressive supranuclear palsy. This illness made it difficult for him to talk, and to walk, and he began using a wheelchair, while continuing to work as much as he could. Although he was ill, he still made remarkable contributions to research. In 1994 Salam retired from his post as director of the ICTP, and he died at his home in Oxford, England, on November 21, 1996, after a long illness. He was buried in the Ahmadia burial ground in Rabwah, Pakistan. In his honor, the ICTP was renamed the Abdus Salam ICTP. It has continued to help scientists from developing countries conduct research and pursue their careers. Life With Family
Abdus Salam died on 21st November 1996 at the age of 70 in Oxford, England after a prolonged illness. His body was brought to Pakistan and buried in Bahishti Maqbara in Rabwah. Abdus Salam's Death
Created By: Fayz Sarfraz
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