The first major political crisis which the British government faced after winning control of the sub-continent was over plans to partition the province of Bengal.
Formation of Eastern BengalIn trying to control such a large province , there were obviously huge administrative problems. However, when the viceroy at the time, Lord Curzon, decided to partition the province, it was instantly seen by the Hindus as a deliberate plot to divide up their most educated and politicized province. Three dimensions in the old province, namely Dhaka, Chittagong and Mymensingh, were separated and were merged with Assam to create a new province called East Bengal.
Effects of Partition
Swadeshi Movement riotsThere was even a assassination attempt on a later viceroy, Lord Minto. Although the assassination attempt was unsuccessful, the Hindu protest movement continued, spreading into a boycott of British goods under “Swadeshi Movement” riots. The Hindu demonstrations and protests became larger and, while the Muslim community was pleased with the partition, they were not organized enough to counter Hindu agitation.
Proposal for the shifting of British capital
- The transfer of the British capital to Delhi.
- The creation of United Bengal as a presidency with e governor-general.
- The creation of a province of Bihar and Orissa with a lieutenant-governor.
- The restoration of the post of chief commissioner of Asam.
Partition of Bengal was reversed
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