Proposal of Executive Council
- There should be an equal number of Hindus and Muslims on the Executive Council
- The main concession to the Congress party was that the portfolios of the foreign affairs, finance and interior would be held by Indians for the first time
Call of Simla ConferenceTo discuss the formation of the Executive Council and the future handover, the viceroy called a conference in Simla. All the political parties were invited to Simla in June 1945.
- There were total 21 participants
- Muslim League delegation included Quaid, Liaquat Ali Khan and Khawaja Nazimuddin
- The Congress Party was ld by Gandhi, Abul Kalam Azad and Khizar Hayat Tiwana were deliberately included in the delegation to demonstrate that not all Muslims were members of the Muslim League.
Meetings of Lord Wavell and reservations of parties
Congress’s reservationAs Wavell had stated that an equal number of Hindus and Muslims were to be represented in the Council, the Congress Party argued that they had a right to nominate Muslims and that these Muslims should be included in the total number of Muslims.
Quaid’s point of viewThe Quaid was adamant that only the Muslim League had the right to nominate names for the Muslims quota. When Wavell said that he could not accept this demand of the League, Jinnah pointed out that the Muslim League had won every single by-election in the last two years and there was no real doubt that it represented the overwhelming majority of Muslims. Jinnah also claimed that if there was to be simple parity only between the Hindus and Muslims would be constantly outvoted as the Sikhs and scheduled castes on the Council would side with the Congress.
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