Ch. Khaliquzzaman was born in 1889 in Bengal. After receiving his early education in Bengal, he took admission at Mohammedan Anglo Oriental College in Aligarh in 1907 and completed his higher education at Aligarh in 1917. He always Acknowledged the positive impact of the Aligarh Movement on the social and political environment of the Muslim community. In his book “Pathway to Pakistan”, he repeatedly refereed to Sir Syed Ahmad Khan as the “Father of the Modern Muslim India”.
Role in Lucknow pact 1916He played a pivotal role on behalf of Indian National Congress in hammering out the Lucknow Pact of 1916. This pact was the first formal step towards the Hindu-Muslim unity at the political level. He was also the chairman of the Lucknow Municipal Board. Chaudhry Khaliquzzaman supported the amendment that made the attainment of 'Swaraj' one of the aims of the League (13th Session, All India Muslim League, Nagpur, December, 1920). He was a Member of the Muslim League Committee to frame a constitution for India (15th Session, Lahore, May, 1924). He was Muslim League Delegate to All Parties Convention (20th Session. Calcutta. December. 1928).
Joining of All India Muslim LeagueWhen Khilafat Movement began in 1919, he was practicing as a lawyer at Lucknow, as demanded by Khilafat Movement, he boycotted the civil courts and became a pro-active member of Lucknow Khilafat Committee. After joining All India Muslim League, he became its joint secretary and also presided Muslim League United Provinces for some years. Soon he acquired prominence amongst the Muslim League leaders. Before 1937, When elections were held in India, he was the member of the Muslim League Working Committee.
Ch. Khaleeq and Quaid-i AzamCh. Khaliquzzaman had close relation with Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. He organized a fund for the people of Anatolia on the behest of the Quaid. In 1940, when Lahore Resolution was passed, Ch. Khaliquzzaman was one of those who seconded the Lahore Resolution on 23rd March 1940. He said in his speech, “Muslims of the minority provinces of India should not have concerns regarding the partition of India into Hindu India and Muslim India. What they would get at the hands of Hindus, same treatment would be meted out to the Hindus of the Muslim majority areas.”
Career after independenceAfter Independence Chaudhry Khaliquzzaman led the Muslim League Members in the Indian Constituent Assembly. He migrated to Pakistan in November, 1947 and was appointed the Chief Organizer of the Pakistan Muslim League in February 1948 and later served as its President till August 1950. He was the Governor of East Pakistan from April 1953 to May 1954 and later served as Ambassador to Indonesia and Philippines in Nov. 1954.
Memoir and deathChaudhry Saheb's Memoirs 'Pathway to Pakistan' is a rare treasure house of information on the Freedom Movement. He died in 1973.
Rate This Article No Thanks
Pakpedia.pk Pakistan's biggest free encyclopedia provide you free platform publicly. The source of information collected from many sites by different people. We welcome everyone for corrections and updates, Thank you.