Dera Ismail Khan (City)

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Article Upload Date: Sat 21 Jan 2017
2017-01-21 07:46:40Dera Ismail Khan
Dera Ismail Khan often called D.I.Khan, is a city located in  Khyber PakhtunKhuwa  at the bank of  Indus River . It is also the capital of the Tehsil named D.I.Khan. Founded in the end of 15th century by Sardar Ismail khan Baloch who them named the city after himself. People of dera ismail khan have major contributions in the independence of  Pakistan . They are courageous, warm and hospitable.[1] history - pak.com Dera Ismail Khan ( Urdu : ڈیرہ اسماعیل خان, , Sariki :ډېره اسماعيل خان  often abbreviated to D.I. Khan,[2] Nrb - gov.pk is a city in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa Province,  Pakistan . It is situated on the west bank of the  Indus River , 200 miles (320 km) west of  Lahore and 120 miles (190 km) northwest of  Multan .[3] dsal uchicago - edu The city is the capital of the district and tehsil of the same name. The total population of the city is 86,969 according to census 1998. D.I.Khan is famous for its lacquered woodwork, glass and ivory ware, mats and sarongs. Newer industries within the city include sugar, soap, textile and oil milling. CRBC Canal is the major canal that provides water for irrigation. One of the most famous product of the district is the "Dhakki Date", which is exported to the Middle East, United States, and Europe. The district also produces wheat, sugar cane, rice and famous variety of mango called the langra.
  • Information
  • Location:

    Pakistan

  • City Council:

    Government of KPK

  • Type:

    City in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa Province

  • Local Language Name:

    ڈیرہ اسماعیل خان

  • Province:

    Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa

  • Coordinates :

    31°49"N 70°55"E

  • District:

    Dera Ismail Khan District

  • Region:

    Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

  • Elevation:

    165 m (541 ft)

  • Union councils:

    47

  • Language
  • Official Language:

    Urdu

  • Native Language:

    Pushto

  • Other Languages:

    Urdu,Pushto,English

  • Government
  • Government Type:

    Government of KPK

  • District Coordination Officer:

    Mr. Nisar Ahmad

  • Area
  • Total Area:

    7,326 km2 (2,829 sq mi)

  • Population
  • Density:

    116/km2 (300/sq mi)

  • Total Population:

    1,939,000 (2014)

  • Time zone
  • Time zone:

    PST (UTC+5)

  • Codes
  • Postal code:

    29050

  • Dialing code:

    966

  • Vehicle registration:

    Three letters beginning with D and random four numbers

History

Dera Ismail Khan
Dera Ismail Khan

Foundation of City

Dera Ismail Khan
Dera Ismail Khan
The Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire ruled the region. The  Multan region became predominantly Muslim due to missionary Sufi saints whose dargahs dot the landscape of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa. Dera Ismail Khan was founded toward the end of the fifteenth century by Sardar Ismail Khan Baloch, a son of Sardar Malik Sohrab Khan Dodai Baloch, who named the town after himself. The original town was swept away by a flood in 1823, and the existing buildings are all of relatively modern construction.[4] Town - Imperial Gazetteer The present town stands four miles (6 km) back from the permanent channel of the river.[5] Chisholm  Encyclopædia - Britannica

New City

Dera Ismail Khan
Dera Ismail Khan
However, later research does not support this theory. Firstly, Malik Sohrab was not an Arab adventurer but a Hooth Baloch who was appointed Subahdar of this area by the Langha rulers of  Multan . Similarly the city could not have been founded towards the end of fifteenth century; because when Babar came here in 1506 he passed through this plain which is now called Dama'an and referred to it as Dasht and went up to Tank but did not mention any city around here in his Tuzk (Memoirs, originally published in Turkish). Later we are told that when in 1540 Sher Shah came to Khushab, Ismail Khan of Dera Ismail Khan went to  Khushab to meet him there. So the city must have been founded in the first quarter of the sixteenth century.[6] dikcity - weebly.com After the flood destruction of 1823, the present city was founded by Nawab Sher Muhammad Khan Sadozai in 1825, but he preferred to retain the old name for it.

British Era

During British rule the town contained two bazaars, the Hindu and Muslim population living in separate quarters. The town stands on a level plain, with a slight fall to the river, but is badly drained. It is surrounded by a thin mud wall, with nine gates, enclosing an area of about 500 acres (2.0 km2). The cantonment, which lies southeast of the town, has an area of 44 square miles (110 km2), excluding the portion known as Fort Akalgarh on the northwest side. The civil lines are to the south.  The Derajat Brigade had its winter headquarters at Dera Ismail Khan, and the garrison consisted of a mountain battery, a regiment of Native cavalry, and three regiments of Native infantry. Detachments from these regiments helped to garrison the outposts of Drazinda, Jandola, and Jatta. The municipality was constituted in 1867. The income during the ten years ending 1902–3 averaged Rs. 55,000, and the expenditure Rs. 53,000. The income and expenditure in 1903-4 were Rs. 55,500 and Rs. 55,800 respectively. The chief source of income was octroi (Rs. 48,000); the chief items of expenditure were conservancy (Rs. 8,785), education (Rs. 7,246), hospitals and dispensaries (Rs. 6,302), public safety (Rs. 7,733), public works (Rs. 2,143), and administration (Rs. 5,546). The receipts and expenditure of cantonment funds during the ten years ending 1902–3 averaged RS. 2,700 and Rs. 2,800 respectively.[7] British - pak.com The local trade of Dera Ismail Khan was of second-rate importance, but some foreign traffic with Khorasan passed through it. Powinda caravans of Afghan merchants traversed the town twice a year on their road to and from India; and, with the increasing security of the Gomal route, these caravans were yearly swelling in numbers. The chief imports were English and native piece-goods, hides, salt, and fancy wares; and the exports, grain, wood, and ghee. The local manufactures are lungis and lacquered woodwork. The town possesses a civil hospital; its chief educational institutions are two aided Anglo-vernacular high schools, one maintained by the Church Missionary Society and the other by the Bharatri Sabha, and an Anglo-vernacular middle school maintained by the municipality.[8] Dera Ismail Khan - weebly

Details

Dera Ismail Khan City of Pakistan
Dera Ismail Khan City of Pakistan

Agriculture

Dera Ismail Khan is a huge city when it comes to plain land available for farming. People here are mostly farmers as the land is very fertile for certain crops such as Wheat and Sugarcane. Moreover, fruit production is remarkable like Dates, oranges and melons. Dhakki Dates are exported to Middle East and USA. Kulachi melons are in high demand in the world but lack of infrastructure and transportation issues have made it almost impossible to export such perishables over long routes.  People over here are greatly dependent on agriculture production: their marriages, their house construction plans, their celebrations (eids) and even their moods and behaviors are closely connected to their agricultural income and outputs. The completion of chashma right bank canal has boosted the agricultural output. However, Floods of 2011 have given a major setback to the farmers here as large patches of land were washed away by the water.[9] Agriculture - historypak Goat farming and cattle rearing also generate major cash flows for the inhabitants here. Milk production is comparatively higher here than in other cities of KPK. Same is the story of wheat production; we have one of the highest yielding areas of wheat in D.I.Khan.  People are strong and resistant to harsh weathers therefore their professions are in accordance to their habitat. Summers go scorching up to 51 degree Celsius.

Language and Dress

There is no specific regional dress.  Shalwar Kameez  is used by both men and women. Starched cottons in pastel colors are in vogue and mostly big land lords wear them.  Aged men and women also use dhoti instead of shalwar.  Men usually put on chaddars in winter instead of jackets or coats. And in summers, waist coats are preferably worn on cotton kameez.  As for as the minorities living here are concerned; pawandas (tribe of pakhtoons) wear colorful embellished frocks with dupattas covering their heads. Their men put on turbans on their head and wear  Shalwar Kameez .[10] Language - dera ismail khan Saraiki is the native language of Dera Ismail Khan. But there are other languages like Pashto and Hindko spoken fluently over here.  Officially Urdu and English both are used i.e. in courts and hospitals. This area is the confluence of pashtoon and balochi tribes. So a little bit of balochi is also spoken and understood here.[11] D I Khan - pak.com

Festivals

DI Khan Chowk
DI Khan Chowk
Every festival is celebrated with full zeal and zest until interrupted by any terrorist activity! Both eids are greeted with full religious fervor and people visit their relatives and neighbors after the eid prayers.The day of 14th august is celebrated as another eid over here. The river side is laden with pickups and qingchis (local transport) of people coming from far off areas to enjoy the famous pulao and qulfi ( local ice-cream). Houses are decorated with small flags and candles are lit to remember the day of independence.Marriages are of special importance here, to both the families. Dowry, a cursed custom but still very popular here. The bride’s dowry is put on display and people specially come to see how much the poor parents have poured in for the groom! The mehndi is not set up on that huge scale as it is in our big cities but the nikkah and walima are quite big a celebration. The most important part of the elite’s weddings here is the mausiqi event (singing programme). Local singers are called in and the occasion goes on all night. The events of weddings are separate for males and females and bride and groom are also attended separately.Not even a cricket match can hold such an audience as does the cultural show held in ratta kulachi stadium does. Sometimes it is the Mela Aspaan and sometimes a full cultural show. The festival embodies the very culture of city and holidays are also announced by the district government. It is as long as three days some times less. People from far off places swarm in to watch the catchy events at the festival.[12] Festivals - D I Khan

Others

Transport

The nearest railway station is 20 km away at Darya Khan, on the eastern and opposite bank of the  Indus River .
  • Air link via Pakistan International Airlines to all major cities of  Pakistan 
  • Daewoo Bus Service to all major cities of  Pakistan 
  • Karachi  Bus Terminal
  • Lahore  Adda
  • Main Lari Adda D. I. Khan
  • Niazi Bus Stand
  • Tank Adda
  • Khan Bus and Transport Services
  • Daraban Kalan Flying Coach Adda
A major traffic incident in August 2016 in the area resulted in the deaths of at least 13 people and the injury of over 35 people after a large traffic collision involving a truck and a bus carrying about 50 people.[13] truck bus - crash The death toll is expected to rise.[14] khaleej - times.com

Tourist Point

Dera Ismail Khan Roads
Dera Ismail Khan Roads
It’s an old city. Many historical sites are found in the city: old bazaars, ancient settlements and graveyards. Moreover, Rehman Dheri is a Pre  Harrapan  site located near the city. It is the oldest site found almost in 4000 BC. Pottery and other tools were also found in it. I could not find any picture of it to give a better understanding of the site. It is seldom visited by archaeology lovers.[15] Tourist - D I Khan Although the city is relatively new, rebuilt following the 1823 flood, many of its original structures remain — the original wall is still visible around the old city. A popular tourist destination is a pre-Islamic fort called Bilot, 30 miles (48 km) from the Dera Ismail Khan on Dera Ismail Khan – Chashma highway. These ruins are situated on a hill.A sacred Sikh shrine is located in the Chota Bazaar of Dera Ismail Khan; Guru Nanak visited this place during his fourth itinerary. At the site where he stayed a dharamsala was built by his devotees. It is a large building, its main gate opens in the Chota Bazaar. Inside this door there is a double-storey square building, where Prakash used to take place. There are residential rooms around this building for pilgrims. Inside the darbar there is a thara sahib (pious seat) where Guru Nanak Dev Ji once sat. The Government Higher Secondary School No. 3 is currently housed in this building. This dharamsala was maintained by SGPC before 1947 and presently it is in the hands of the Waqf department. The banks of the Indus River are an attractive place for tourists. On the right side of Rehmania Street, the house of an Hindu Zamindar – Bagai Mahal is a very old building of D. I. Khan, as is the Satures Building in Shieve Shah Muhalla. Allied School, Kamal Campus, Diyal Road, Dera Ismail Khan

Education

The city is home to many educational institutions, including:
  • Punjab   Group of Colleges_Meraj Campus
  • St Helen's High School (Father School)
  • University Wensam College
  • Gomal University
  • Gomal Medical College
  • Allama Iqbal Open University
  • Qurtuba University of Science & Information Technology[16] www.qurtuba - edu.pk

Population of District Dera Ismail Khan Census 2017

 -RuralUrbanTotal
Population12649013622311627132
Male649934188859838793
Female614958173336788294
Transgender93645
Household15022051081201301
 Hospitals in D.I Khan
HRA Reg NoInstitutionLocationSpecification
51800001AZEEM MEDICAL CENTRE  DISTRICT D I KHANPRIVATE HOSPITAL
51800002GILLANI HOSPITAL  OPP DHQ HOSPITAL CIRCULAR ROAD D I KHANPRIVATE HOSPITAL
51800003SHIFA HOSPITAL & MATERNITY HOME  SHIFA HOSPITAL & MATERNITY HOME DERA ISMAIL KHANPRIVATE HOSPITAL
51800004AL FATEH MEDICAL CENTRE  CIRCULAR ROAD DERA ISMAIL KHANPRIVATE HOSPITAL
51800005RAUF MEDICAL CENTRE  OPP DHQ HOSPITAL DERA ISMAIL KHANPRIVATE HOSPITAL
51800006REHMAN MEDICAL COMPLEX  OPP D H Q HOSPITAL DERA ISMAIL KANPRIVATE HOSPITAL
51800007REHMANI HOSPITAL  NEAR TOWN HALL JAIL ROAD DERA ISMAIL KHANPRIVATE HOSPITAL
51800008HASHMI SURGICAL HOSPITAL  SOUTH CIRCULAR ROAD DERA ISMAIL KHANPRIVATE HOSPITAL

Politics

Dera Ismail Khan is represented in the National Assembly of Pakistan through two seats which are NA-24 (D I Khan) and NA-25 (D I Khan cum Tank). The incumbent on these seats are Faisal Karim Kundi of Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) from NA-24 and Maulana Atta ur Rehman of Jamiat Ullema Islam- Fazal ur Rehman (JUI-F) from NA-25. Traditionally Dera politics has been dominated by Jamiat Ullema Islam because of the charismatic and dynamic personality of Maulana Mufti Mahmood. After his death his son Fazlur Rehman became the Chairman of JUI-F. Maulana Fazl ur Rehman lost last elections to PPP candidate with a wide margin which shows that they have lost connection with voters. Many people have raised concern about the politics of Maulana Fazl ur Rehman after the wikileaks reports showed his negotiations with US Ambassador Anne Paterson. People raise questions about the financial dealings of Maulana as besides his father's madrassah he does not have any other source of income but lives a luxurious life.Pakistan Tehrike Insaf (PTI) is fast becoming the third force in D I Khan politics.[17] Politics

Tourist Areas

Dera Ismail Khan Temple
Dera Ismail Khan Temple
Although the city is relatively new, rebuilt following the 1823 flood, many of its original structures remain — the original wall is still visible around the old city. A popular tourist destination is a pre-Islamic fort called Bilot, 30 miles (48 km) from the Dera Ismail Khan on Dera Ismail Khan – Chashma highway. These ruins are situated on a hill. A sacred Sikh shrine is located in the Chota Bazaar of Dera Ismail Khan; Guru Nanak visited this place during his fourth itinerary. At the site where he stayed a dharamsala was built by his devotees. It is a large building, its main gate opens in the Chota Bazaar. Inside this door there is a double-story square building, where Prakash used to take place. There are residential rooms around this building for pilgrims. Inside the darbar there is a thara sahib (pious seat) where Guru Nanak Dev Ji once sat. The Government Higher Secondary School No. 3 is currently housed in this building. This dharamsala was maintained by SGPC before 1947 and presently it is in the hands of the Waqf department. The banks of the Indus River are an attractive place for tourists. On the right side of Rehmania Street, the house of an Hindu Zamindar – Bagai Mahal is a very old building of D. I. Khan, as is the Satures Building in Shieve Shah Muhalla.[18] Tourist Areas

Communication

The city is connected to Bannu via the highway, which further connects it to the provincial capital of Peshawar via Kohat and Darra Adam Khel. Another road connects D. I. Khan to Mianwali through Chashma Barrage. The third major road connects it to Bhakkar in Punjab, situated on the eastern bank of the Indus River. A bridge on the Indus River was constructed in the early 1980s, before which the approach to Bhakkar was made through a boat bridge.The city has telephone, telegraph, and internet facilities — although the telegraph has recently been abandoned, in line with the government policy of transitioning away from telegraph communications throughout the country.

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