Bhakkar (City)

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Article Upload Date: Fri 30 Dec 2016
2016-12-30 10:39:48Bhakkar
Bhakkar is the principal city of Bhakkar District, Punjab, Pakistan. It lies on the left bank of the Indus river. The district was created out of parts of Mianwali in 1982[1] "Bhakkar Punjab Portal with Bhakkar city as the headquarter and main city. Its area consists of a riverine tract along the Indus, called Kaccha, and most of the district area lies in the desolate plain of the Thal desert.It is located in the west of the Punjab province, Bhakkar district is bordered by Layyah to its south, Jhang to its south east, Dera Ismail Khan to its west, Khushab to its north east, and Mianwali to its north.
  • Information
  • Location:

    Pakistan

  • In Urdun:

    بھکر

  • City Council:

    Government of Punjab

  • Type:

    Principal city of Bhakkar District

  • Local Language Name:

    Thalochi dialect of Punjabi and Urdu

  • Province:

    Punjab

  • Coordinates :

    31°37′40″N 71°3′45″E

  • District:

    Bhakkar District

  • Region:

    Punjab

  • Elevation:

    522 ft (159 m)

  • Website:

    www.bhakkar.com.pk

  • Union councils:

    42

  • Language
  • Official Language:

    Urdu

  • Native Language:

    Thalochi

  • Other Languages:

    Urdu ,Thalochi ,English

  • Government
  • Government Type:

    Government of Punjab

  • Area
  • Total Area:

    8,153 km2 (3,148 sq mi)

  • Population
  • Total Population:

    1,051,456 (1998)

  • Time zone
  • Time zone:

    PKT (UTC+5)

  • Summer (DST):

    +6 (UTC)

  • Codes
  • Postal code:

    30000

  • Dialing code:

    0453

  • Vehicle registration:

    Three letters beginning with B and random four numbers

About

Bhakkar Canal View
Bhakkar Canal View

History

Bhakkar Chowk Azam
Bhakkar Chowk Azam
Bhakkar was founded probably towards the close of the fifteenth century by a group of colonists from Dera Ismail Khan.[2] Bhakkar Town Imperial  During 15th century, Bhakkar saw a struggle for power between Sher Shah Suri and Humayun. It came under Humayun's rule after he restored back the Mughal empire and he appointed Khan Khanan as the governor of the city alongside Multan,Multan was a province during Mughal empire which included the city of Bhakkar in it.In 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin, In 1005 he conquered the Shahis in Kabul in 1005, and followed it by the conquests of Punjab region. The Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire ruled the region. The Punjab region became predominantly Muslim due to missionary Sufi saints whose dargahs dot the landscape of Punjab region.The town has some historical places like Dilkusha Bagh which is believed to be a Mughal era garden and is attached to Humayun; but historical facts do not verify it. Humayun never came here. On his retreat to Iran, he went to another Bakhar in Sindh to seek help from Mahmood Khan. But this path or route taken was rejected by Major Henry Raverty as the possible retreat of Humayun.

The oldBhakkarwas walled and had gates

The old town was walled and had gates as Tavela gate and Imamanwala gate. The only remaining gate Jinnah Gate (formerly King Gate) was built in British period in the name of Mr. King the then Deputy Commissioner. There are remains of a handera (tomb) near Sheikh Raoo bridge, which is believed to be burial place of Bakhar Khan, the founder of the city. The present police station was originally a Baloch fortress. Some 30 years ago when a branch of River Indus flowed past the town. West side of the town was green and pleasant.This is a very scarce silver coin belonging to the reign of Nadir Shah 1148-1160 AH (1735-1747 AD) from the Afsharid dynasty, it is an Indian type minted during his occupation of the area. It is listed by type as Album #2744.2 (Type D). It weighs 11.3 gr. (18 mm.) and minted in the city of Bhakkar in the state of Punjab in India, dated 1157 AH.During British rule, the district was a tehsil of Mianwali District, the population according to the 1891 census of India was 119,219 which had risen to 125,803 at the 1901 census. In addition to the headquarters Bhakkar (population, 5,312), the tehsil contained and 196 villages. The land revenue and cesses amounted in 1903-4 to Rs 1.7 lakhs. Places of interest are Mankera and Muhammad Rajan, at the latter of which is the shrine of Pir Muhammad Rajan, who died there on a pilgrimage.[3] walled and had gates

Relics

The town has some historical places like the Dilkusha Bagh which is believed by some to be a Mughal garden built by Humayun, however Humayun never visited the area, on his retreat to Iran, he went to another Bakhar in Sindh to seek help from Mahmood Khan, which was however denied by historian Henry Raverty.[4] Relics -  Relics 

Independence

The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslim refugees from India settled in the Bhakkar District.[5] Independence - Independence

Climate

Bhakkar city (known as Bakhar in Seraiki) as the capital. It is located between 31° 10' and 32° 22' N. and 70° 47' and 72° E. with an area of 3,134 square miles (8,120 km2), most of it lies in the desolate plain of the Thal, but the Kachhi or strip of riverine land along the Indus is of great fertility. Its area consists of riverine tract along the Indus called Kacha and the Thal historically called CholeJalali. Most of its area comprises greater Thal.[6] Climate - Climate

Population

Bhakkar city has a population of almost 300,000 the total population of the district was estimated to be 1.37 million in 2008.[7] Population - Population

Language

Following are the demographics of the Bhakar, by spoken language:
  • Punjab local people different dialects: 98%
  • Other: 2%
Siraiki is the main language spoken by majority of the people in Bhakkar . Other languages spoken are Punjabi, Urdu and Pushto. Inhabitants of Bhakar district speak a great variety of Punjabi dialects.
  • Majhi (Standard Punjabi spoken by 60%, Specially spoken in newly cultivated and city areas)[8] Language - Language
  • Thalochi (Local Desert Punjabi dialect spoken by 30%)
  • Jandali (Northern border area near Mianwali district)
  • Shapuri (North Eastern border area near Khushab district)
  • Jhangvi (South Eastern border area near Jhang district)
Other Languages include:
  • Urdu is mother tongue of few people but being national language is spoken and understood by the sizeable population.
  • English is also understood and spoken by few, mainly educated elite.

Independence Administration

Bhakkar Govt School
Bhakkar Govt School
The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslim refugees from India settled in the Bhakkar District. Bhakkar city is also the administrative centre of Bhakkar Tehsil one of the four tehsils of the district. Bhakkar Tehsil is sudivided into 17 Union Councils, three of which form the city of Bhakkar.[9] Tehsils & Unions District 

Famous Personalties Places

Bhakkar Main Bazar
Bhakkar Main Bazar

Dilkusha Bagh

There is an Old Date Orchard, locally known as 'Dilkusha Bagh' which is believed by some to be a Mughal garden built by Humayun, however Humayun never visited the area, on his retreat to Iran, he went to another Bakhar in Sindh to seek help from Mahmood Khan, which was however denied by historian Henry Raverty.

Notable people

  • Syed Wazarat Hussain Naqvi (Lawyer and Civil Society member)
  • Asad Jafri (Educationist and Poet)
  • Rasheed Akbar Khan Nawani (Politician)
  • Muhammad Sana Ullah Khan Masti Khel (Politician)

Traditional-Crafts

Traditional craft is making of mats and other house-hold products from wild grasses like kai and kunder which also provides livelihood to a large number of families.

Specialties

Bhakkar famous souvenir was Karna oil, which was extracted from karna flower which is also Exported to Middle East.

Industry

Sugar Mill "Fecto Sugar Mills Limited., Darya Khan

Agriculture

Major crops of district Bhakkar are Wheat, Grams, Cotton and Sugarcane. Main fruits are Citrus, Mango, Guava and Dates while vegetables are Turnip, Onion, Tomato and Carrot.

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