Baltit Fort Price Agha Khan
Baltit Fort Royal image
Baltit Fort Nice View
Baltit Fort Windows
Baltit Fort at Mountain
HistoryDuring the 14th & 15th Centuries Northern Pakistan consisted of a number of small independent states. Among them were Hunza and Nager two traditional rival states, situated on opposite sides of the Hunza River. The rulers of these two states, known as the Thámo or Mir built various strongholds to express their power. The Hunza rulers initially resided in the Altit Fort , however later as a result of a conflict between the two sons of the Mir of Hunza, Shah Abbas and Ali Khan, they shifted to Baltit Fort, making it the capital of the seat of Hunza. The power struggle between the two brothers eventually resulted in the death of the younger one, enabling Baltit Fort to further establish itself as the prime seat of power in the Hunza state. The rich beauty of Baltit Fort can be traced to over seven hundred 700 years ago. Ayasho II, Tham / Mir of Hunza in the early 15th Century married Princess Shah Khatoon from Baltistan. As part of her dowry she brought with her architects and tradesman from Kashmir and Tibet. At the time Baltistan (previously known as ‘Little Tibet’) had very strong cultural and ethnical relations with Ladakh in Northern India.
Structure of FortThe structure of Baltit Fort was influenced by the Ladakhi/Tibetan architecture, resembling elements of the Potala Palace in Lhasa, Tibet. From this point on additions, renovations and changes to the building were continually made through the centuries by the long line of rulers of Hunza that followed. A veritable treasure house for ancient forts, the North of Pakistan lost most of its glorious built heritage around the 19th century as a result of the destructive attacks by the Maharaja of Kashmir. However, in this regard people of Hunza were exceptionally fortunate to successfully defend against the invasions of Maharaja Kashmir four times. One of the biggest changes in the structure of Baltit Fort came with the invasion of the British in December 1891. Tham / Mir Safdarali Khan, ruler of Hunza and his wazir Dadu (Thara Baig III), fled to Kashgar in China for political asylum with their fellows and families. With the conquest of Hunza and Nager states by the British Forces in December 1891, the fortified wall and watch towers of the old Baltit village and watch towers of the Baltit Fort on its north-western end were demolished by the British authorities.
Reign of Mir Sir Muhammad Nazim Khan
Dinner at Baltit FortIn the past the rulers of former Hunza state used to serve dinners and music for their guests and courtiers at the Baltit Fort. Keeping this tradition in mind, we also offer a dinner with light music on pre arrangement for a group of minimum eight guests. All of the traditional dishes are prepared of local organic products well known as “Hunza Healthy Food”, like dried apricots, apricot and almond oils.
- Baig Qudratullah, Tarikh-e-Edh Atiiq Riy?sat Hunza. S.T. Printers, Rawalpindi , Pakistan 1980.
- Dani A.H, History of Northern Areas of Pakistan. Sang-e-Meel Publications, Lahore Pakistan . www.sang-e-meel.com. Reprinted: 2007.
- Biddulph John, Tribes of Hindoo Koosh, The Superintendent of Government Printing-Calcutta, India 1880, Reprint: Ali Kamran Publishers, Lahore - Pakistan , 1995.
Interesting FactsThe region of Gilgit-Baltistan is not only blessed with natural scenery but some man made wonder also add up to the glory of this part of Pakistan.Our team recently visited the Baltit Fort and we have compiled a list of 10 facts that might not know about the historic monument.
- Baltit Fort was built by artisans from Baltistan
- Baltit – the old name of Karimabad, comes from the Baltit Fort itself
- It’s 700 years old
- The Fort was abandoned in 1960s