24 October Youm-e-Tasees of Azad Jammu and KashmirKashmir is a majority disputed area between India and Pakistan. In 1942 Chaudhry Ghulam Abbas gave a new life and spirit to Muslim Conference and invited Quaid-e-Azam to visit Jammu & Kashmir in 1944. It is a day that symbolizes hope, sacrifice, continuous effort and struggle of our brothers to achieve the right to self determination. This beautiful state, heaven on earth with breathtaking sights and sounds has a history of constant struggle against oppression. This day brings with itself immense responsibility and pressure to justify our existence as an independent state. Right from 1846 when Amritsar pact took place till 1947 people of AJ&K fought against a long and oppressive rule.
Kashmiri PeopleThis day not only brings with itself account of development and progress during the last 63 years but reminds us of countless sacrifices which ought to be celebrated each year with a spirit that is fit for the occasion. The Kashmiri people have been brutally oppressed, denied democracy and self-determination, and suffered two wars and many military mobilizations. The efforts of the government are the true depiction of the commitment and vision of Pakistan Peoples Party to people. Until and unless the rest of the world overcomes its hypocrisy related to Muslim issues, and until and unless India is forced by the world community to give the Kashmiris their right to determine their future, as promised in many long-ignored UN resolutions, there is no hope of peace and things will only get worse. Sardar Muhammad Abdul Qayyum Khan, Pir Syed Ali Asghar Shah Gillani, Maulana Muhammad Afsar Khan, Lieutenant Bostan Khan, Captain Hussain Khan, Raja Sakhi Dalair Khan, Khansahab Khan Muhammad Khan and others were at the fore front of war of independence. All the governments of Pakistan have taken Kashmir issue on priority basis and created awareness among the world community about the plight band sufferings of the people of Indian occupied Kashmir as well as contributed to the development and progress of the state.
Current Government of Azad Jammu and KashmirThe current government of Azad Jammu and Kashmir is in its initial phase and even in such a short time it has taken considerable measures to ensure progress and development in the state. Politicians of Jammu and Kashmir and ex army officers started this from the Eastern bank of river Jehlum. The problems of Kashmiris are manifold, they are subject to worse kinds of terror that one can think of. In the long run this will hurt India more as other states in India realise that violence is the only way to get attention to their plights.
Symbolic Implications24th October is not just the independence day of Azad Kashmir but it has symbolic implications. The promise of reaching out to the public and provision of basic necessities to their door step is not a distant hope now. MirpurDuring the past few weeks, the government has secured the future of 526 employees of Information Technology by normalising their posts, Mir Waiz Maulvi Farooq Medical College Muzaffarabad was inaugurated by the Prime Minister Pakistan Syed Yousaf Raza Gillani on 8th of October, 2000 vacancies were announced in Police department, a project "Strengthening of Live Stock Breed Improvement Program AJK" has been launched, many Industries development schemes have been started for the year 2011-12, keeping in view the growing influence of media a committee has been constituted which is headed by the Minister Information Syed Bazil Ali Naqvi to finalise recommendations to further strengthen the department of Information in AJ&K, the government is also planning to hold Local Bodies elections in the next six. This embedded the issue of Kashmir into the core of the ideology and strategy of both ruling classes in their approach to politics. People associated with Muslim Conference were harassed, kept captive and tortured in the jails of Bagh, Plandri, Thorar, Rawlakot, Hajira, Dhirkot, Mirpur and Muzaffarabad.
Freedom StruggleThe freedom struggle was motivated and sponsored by the Azad Kashmir with support from the people of Pakistan and the Chief Minister of NWFP Khan Abdul Qayyum Khan. We should remember our political, religious and other eminent figures who laid their lives to support and uphold the cause of independence and freedom. Kashmir is an integral part of Pakistan's foreign policy and military policy. Today a million troops face each other across the Indo-Pakistan border. Over the decades, the armed conflict between the Indian and Pakistani regimes led to open war in 1947, 1965 and 1971. Government is committed to eradicate corruption and promote real good governance in the State. Basic purpose to formulate this party was to protect the rights of Muslims of Kashmir.
Quaid-e-AzamFrom 1934 to 1947 Muslims secured seats in all the Elections. Sheikh Muhammad Abdullah extended the same invitation but Quaid-e-Azam accepted the offer of Chaudhry Ghulam Abbas. Four groups of armed men entered the state from Dhirkot, Chirala, Mang and Azad Pattan. It poses questions that whether we succeeded in achieving our goals of development and progress or not. In 1947, Quaid-e-Azam Muhammed Ali Jinnah, explained to Louis Mountbatten, British viceroy in India before independence, that the K in Pakistan stood for Kashmir.
Political PartyThe first representative political party of Muslims All Jammu and Kashmir Muslim Conference came into being in Sirinagar in 1932. Azad Jammu and Kashmir became an independent State on 24 October, 1947. On 22 October 1947, an army of Pashtuns succeeded in occupying Muzaffarabad. Azad Kashmir government was formed on 24 October, 1947 and Sardar Muhammad Ibrahim Khan became the first president. On 19 July 1947 a resolution of Kashmir's accession to Pakistan was passed with popular vote. It was a real appreciation of the cause, philosophy of Muslim conference that followed the lines of Muslim league. In the beginning of 1947, the candidates from All Jammu & Kashmir Muslim Conference got success.
HistoryThe history of Azad Kashmir, a part of the Kashmir region administered by Pakistan, is related to the history of over all Kashmir region during the Dogra rule. Azad Kashmir borders the Pakistani provinces of Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa to the south and west respectively, Gilgit–Baltistan to the north and the Indian administered state of Jammu and Kashmir to the east.
Geography and Climate
- Mango Millet
- Corn (maize)
- Raise Cattle
Arts and Crafts
- Basketry Copper
- Wood Carving
- Silk and woolen clothing
- Namda Gubba
Mangla DamThe migration to UK was accelerated and by the completion of Mangla Dam in 1967 the process of ‘chain migration’ became in full flow. Today, remittances from British Mirpuri community make a critical role in AJK's economy. In the mid-1950s various economic and social development processes were launched in Azad Kashmir. In the 1960s, with the construction of the Mangla Dam in Mirpur District, the Azad Jammu and Kashmir Government began to receive royalties from the Pakistani government for the electricity that the dam provided to Pakistan. During the mid-2000s, a multibillion-dollar reconstruction began in the aftermath of the 2005 Kashmir earthquake.
- Muzaffarabad, the capital city of Azad Kashmir, is located on the banks of the Jhelum and Neelum rivers. It is 138 kilometres (86 mi) from Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Well-known tourist spots near Muzaffarabad are the Red Fort, Pir Chinassi, Patika, Subri Lake and Awan Patti.
- The Neelam Valley is situated to the north and northeast of Muzaffarabad, The gateway to the valley. The main tourist attractions in the valley are Athmuqam, Kutton, Keran, Changan, Sharda, Kel, Arang Kel and Taobat.Sudhanoti is one of the eight districts of Azad Kashmir in Pakistan.
- Sudhanoti is located 90 Km away from Islamabad, the Capital of Pakistan. It is connected with Rawalpindi and Islamabad through Azad Pattan road.
- Rawalakot city is the headquarters of Poonch District and is located 122 kilometres (76 mi) from Islamabad. Tourist attractions in Poonch District are Banjosa Lake, Devi Gali, Tatta Pani, and Toli Pir.
- Bagh city, the headquarters of Bagh District, is 205 kilometres (127 mi) from Islamabad and 100 kilometres (62 mi) from Muzaffarabad. The principal tourist attractions in Bagh District are Bagh Fort, Dhirkot, Sudhan Gali, Ganga Lake, Ganga Choti, Kotla Waterfall, Neela Butt, Danna, Panjal Mastan National Park, and Las Danna.
- The Leepa Valley is located 105 kilometres (65 mi) southeast of Muzaffarabad. It is the most charming and scenic place for tourists in Azad Kashmir.
- Mirpur city is the headquarters of Mirpur District. The main tourist attractions near Mirpur city are the Mangla Lake and Ramkot Fort.
EducationThe literacy rate in Azad Kashmir was 62% in 2004, higher than in any region in Pakistan. However, only 2.2% were graduates, compared to the average of 2.9% for Pakistan.
- Government Universities
- Mirpur University of Science and Technology (MUST)
- University of Azad Jammu & Kashmir
- University of Poonch, Rawalakot
- Women University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir Bagh
- University of Management sciences and Information Technology Kotli
- Private universities
- Al-Khair University
- Mohi-ud-Din Islamic University
- Cadet College Pallandri
- Cadet College Palandri is situated in beautiful natural surroundings about 100 km from Islamabad
Medical CollegesThe following is a list of undergraduate medical institutions recognised by Pakistan Medical and Dental Council (PMDC) as of 2013.
- Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto Shaheed Medical College
- Azad Jammu Kashmir Medical College
- Poonch Medical College, Rawalakot
Private Medical CollegesMohiuddin Islamic Medical College, Mirpur
Administrative divisionsThe state is administratively divided into three divisions which, in turn, are divided into ten districts.
|Division||District||Area (km²)||Population (1998)||Headquarters|
|-||Haveli||600 (est.)||150,000 (est.)||Forward Kahuta|
|AJK Total||10 districts||13,297||2,972,501||Muzaffarabad|
Districts of Azad KashmirAzad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) is a self-governing state under Pakistani control, but under Pakistan's constitution the state is not actually part of Pakistan. Azad Kashmir has its own elected President, Prime Minister, Legislative Assembly, High Court, with Khawaja Shahad Ahmad as its present chief justice, and official flag. The government of Pakistan has not yet allowed Azad Kashmir to issue its own postage stamps, meaning that those of Pakistan are used instead. Brad Adams the Asia director at Human Rights Watch has said in 2006. Although ‘azad’ means ‘free,’ the residents of Azad Kashmir are anything but, The Pakistani authorities govern Azad Kashmir with strict controls on basic freedoms. Azad Kashmir's financial matters, i.e., budget and tax affairs, are dealt with by the Azad Jammu and Kashmir Council rather than by Pakistan's Central Board of Revenue. The Azad Jammu and Kashmir Council is a supreme body consisting of 11 members, six from the government of Azad Jammu and Kashmir and five from the government of Pakistan. Its chairman/chief executive is the president of Pakistan. Other members of the council are the president and the prime minister of Azad Kashmir and a few other AJK ministers.
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