Family and EducationDurrani was born in in 1941 in Rawalpindi, Pakistan in an Afghan family. From 1957 to 1959, Durrani attended the Government College, now a University, where he did his degree in Bachelor of Science, and subsequently joined the Pakistan Military Academy, Kakul.
CareerIn 1960, he was commissioned as Second lieutenant in the Army as a gunner officer. Durrani, as Captain participated in the Indo-Pakistani war of 1965 where he commanded his company. In 1968, he was promoted to Major. Also took part in the 1971 war against India.
Key PostsDurrani has been on key posts including instructor-ship at the officers academy and later at the Command and Staff College, Quetta, Director General of Military Intelligence, Director General of the powerful Inter-Services Intelligence, Inspector General Training and Evaluation at the General Head Quarters and Commandant at the National Defence College, now a University.
Retired from ArmyDurrani is a graduate from the General Staff Academy, Germany. He has also been Pakistan’s military attaché to Germany from 1980 to 1984. After retiring from the Army, he was Pakistan’s ambassador to Germany (1994-970 and Saudi Arabia (2000-02).
InterviewFormer chief of the Pakistani intelligence service, ISI, provides his analysis and perspectives of the past and present security development in Afghanistan and Pakistan. The objective with the interview was to obtain a purely Pakistani view on past and present conflicts in the region to provide a primary source for further analysis.
Inter Services IntelligenceLieutenant-General Asad Durrani commanded the Inter-Services Intelligence Directorate in 1990-1991, the time when Pakistan's covert war in Jammu and Kashmir exploded on the world's consciousness. With India still mired in the brutal insurgency in Punjab, the ISI campaign brought Pakistan closer to seizing the troubled northern State than at any time before or since.
Punjab and Jammu and KashmirBut Lt. Gen. Durrani is also believed to have been part of one of the most closely-guarded secrets of an organisation that harbours many: a series of covert meetings between the chiefs of the ISI and India's Research and Analysis Wing, which were held between 1986 and 1990 to avert the prospect of the conflicts in Punjab and Jammu and Kashmir escalating into full-blown war.
MeetingsAccording to credible insider accounts, which bear out reports first published in The Hindu in 2004, Lt. Gen. Durrani met his RAW counterpart, G.S. Bajpai, in Singapore in 1990. Like the two earlier rounds of dialogue, this third meeting between the covert services of India and Pakistan proved abortive. Sceptics within India's intelligence meetings have cited the failure of these meetings as illustrations of the challenges confronting the India-Pakistan Joint Counter-Terrorism Mechanism set up last year.
Refused to Discuss Secret MeetingsLt. Gen. Durrani refused to discuss the secret meetings, even for the limited purpose of confirming or denying whether they had ever been held. He agreed, however, to offer his professional assessment of whether meaningful India-Pakistan counter-terrorism cooperation was conceivable and workable.
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