Shaheed quaid millat-e Jaffriya allama Arif Hussain Al-Hussaini was a great shia cleric. He was a brave leader and ex-president of Tehreek-e Jaffriya Pakistan( TJP). He was no doubt an asset of millat-e jaffriya. While studying about his life history, one came to know that how pious, brave, visionary and deep-sighted leader he was. He was gun-shoted while defending his nation against dictatorship. May his soul rest in jannah.
|Name:||Allama Arif Hussain al-hussaini|
|In Urdu:||علامہ عارف حسين الحسينى|
|Famous As:||Quaid-e Millat Jaffriya|
|Education:||Islamic education from Najaf Ashraf|
|Profession:||Ex- leader of Tehrik-e-Jafaria, Pakistan|
|Date:||25 November 1946|
|Ethnicity:||Hussaini branch of Syeds, descendants of the fourth Shi’a imam, Zayn al-‘Ābidīn a.s.|
|Parents:||Fazal Hussain shah(father)|
|Siblings :||2 brothers 2 sisters|
|Date:||5 August 1988|
|Cause of death:||Assassination|
|Rest Place:||Pewar village,Peshawar, Pakistan|
|Period in office:||1984–1988|
|Predecessor:||Mufti Jaffar Hussain (marhoom)|
|Successor:||Allama Sajid Hussain Naqvi|
Twenty kilometers from the capital of the Province of the North West Frontier Province (NWFP), the headquarters of the North Western Kurrum Agency, Para Chinar is located. It is a well-known place because of its boundaries with Afghanistan and the Shi’a population.Around Para Chinar there are dozens of tombs of Syeds. There are two religious schools in Para Chinar — “Madressah e Jafarria” and “Madressah e Ayatollah Khamenei” Beside that there is one separate religious school for women named “Madressah e Zehra AS.
Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini belonged to the Doerazai Tribe. Since his family descent goes back to the son of 4th Imam (AS) Syed Hussain al Asghar Ibne Imam Zain ul Abedeen a.s, oldest son of Imam Hussain a.s, thus Al Hussaini is the name of this illustrious clan.
Family of martyrs
The renowned Sufi, Syed Mir Aaqil Shah, a true descendent of 4th Imam a.s, came to this area in the early seventeenth century, and began the spread of Islam in the region. After his death his son Syed Miadad Shah Saheb took his father’s place and continued to spread Islam, as did members of this family one-generation after another. These accomplishments were not without immense opposition, as the majority from the family was martyred. Syed Mir Anwer was one remarkable person of this family. He brought thousands of converts to Islam in the region. He started Aza Dari-e-Imam Hussain (AS) in the Para Chinar. In 1927 in another such attack Syed Miadad Hussain, the great grandfather of Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini was martyred. But the mission continued and the Grand father of Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini took the lead in the quest to spread the true knowledge of Islam. He was also martyred in 1962.
After the martyrdom of Shaheed allama’s grandfather, Fazal Hussain shah (Father of Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini) came forward. His wife was his uncle’s daughter, and Allah blessed them with two sons and two daughters. Syed Arif Hussain was his older son and the younger son was named Syed Aaqil Hussain. Syed Fazal Hussain Shah died on 13th Nov 1983, and the Standard Bearer to carry on the family tradition of serving Islam, thus becomes our great Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini.
Birth and schooling
Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini opened his eyes on 25th November 1946 at the time of Adhaan-e-Fajr. His pious mother brought him up until at the age of five he was sent to a government primary school in Pewaar. At the same time arrangements had been made for him to study the Holy Qur’an at home. He remained at the Pewaar Government Primary School until the fourth grade, then he took admission at the Government High School of Para Chinar and completed his matric examinations (10th Grade) from there. While in Para Chinar, he stayed at his elder sister home. He was not like ordinary childs who waste their time in useless activities. After coming home from the school he herded flocks of goats, and while the goats grazed in the near-by hills, he used that time to do his homework and study, thus always using his time productively.
Interesting facts about allama shaheed
Early on Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini was fond of sitting with elders and listening to them with intense interest and respect. He was also strictly punctual in saying his prayers. He used to sleep with his uncle and insisted on hearing stories of his forefathers. He shunned all the customary cultural practices in marriage traditions such as singing and dancing even as a young child. As serious as he was about the important things in life, he also possessed a sense of humor and his jokes were enjoyed by his family. One very interesting story of his childhood was that he was very fond of eating a type of fruit called “Amlog” and used to climb on that tree. One day he fell down from that tree breaking his arm. As soon as his arm healed up he again climbed that tree. His cousin exclaimed, “You again climbed the tree where you recently fell from!” Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini replied, “Today I climbed not for the fruit, but so that this tree might not think I am afraid of it.”
Travel to Najaf Ashraf
In 1962 after completing his matriculation examinations, Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini took admission in the newly established Madressah e Jaffaria administered by Haji Ghulam Jaffer. This is the beginning of the unending quest for knowledge and faith by a servant of Allah! Staying for a while in Para Chinar Madressah, Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini decided to further his religious studies and with his teacher Maulana Ghulam Hussain. He departed for Najaf, Iraq in 1967. “Madressah Abdul Aziz Baghdadi” was where he began his early Islamic education. Then Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini was admitted in “Madressah e Shabbiriah”. He was a very hard working, intelligent and serious student. He regularly attended all lectures, and kept extensive detailed notes in his journal and was an active participant in the debates between students that took place dealing with the subjects of the lectures. Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini teachers include Shaheed e Mehrab Ayatolah Madni, Sheikh Ashraf Asphahani, Aqai Lashkarani and Ayatollah Murtazavi.
A follower of Ahle Bait a.s
During his six and a half year stay in Najaf, Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini went to Karbala on foot more than 20 times. Whenever Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini left for Karbala with any caravan, he always took the luggage of elderly and sick Zaireen on his shoulders in the same way of the Imams (AS). Every friday night he read Dua e Kumail and Ziarate Warsa. Thus he tried to model his life from the examples of Ahlul-bayt a.s.
In 1973, Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini decided to return home after six and half years in Najaf. In this period at home, he married the daughter of his uncle Syed Yunus Jaan Khateeb Aalim Sher. Allah (swt) blessed them with 5 sons and 2 daughters whose names are:
- Syed Muhammed
- Syed Ali
- Syed Hasan
- Syed Hussain
- Syed Sajjad
- Syeda Fatima
- Syeda Zainab.
Stay in Qom Iran
After marriage in 1974, Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini again tried to go to Najaf but was not allowed to enter in Iraq due to his involvement with Imam Khomeni (RA). Thus, Shaheed Quaid decided to go to Qom where he took lectures from Ayatollah Shaheed Murtadha Muteheri, Ayatollah Nasir Makarem Sheerazi, Ayatollah Waheed Khurasani, Ayatollah Tabrezi and Ayatollah Harampanahi on the subjects of history, Usool, philosophy, fiqh and Ilme Kalam. Iran was gripped in political turmoil in those days. Imam Khomeni (RA) movement was spreading and oppression increased day by day. Savak’s kept extra vigilance on every movement of revolutionists especially foreign students who supported the movement. Since Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini was the active participant in every move for revolution, he was arrested. He was kept into detention for some days, was given threats of severe torture and sending out of Iran but the determined Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini never bowed down. In 1975 and 1977, Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini went to Hajj from Qom.
As a teacher inMadressah e Jaffaria in Para Chinar
Due to the pathetic situation in Kurrum Agency and also for “Madressah e Jaffaria in Para Chinar, Allama Abid Hussain al Hussaini called Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini for help. In respect for his teacher’s orders and with the aim of improving situation in Para Chinar, Shaheed Quaid returned to Pakistan. Here, he immediately joined Madressah e Jaffaria and also started to take steps towards betterment of Kurrum Agency in general and Para Chinar in particular. As a teacher, he tried to improve the syllabi of the Madressah while also encouraging students to adopt modern techniques to understand Islam with the strict following of Taqwa e Ilahee. Due to his efforts, not only did the atmosphere of Madressah improve but also the number of students increaseed in the madressah. Later, this Madressah become Pakistan’s best madressah with respect to educational standards. Shaheed Quaid always remained in friendly relations with his students. He used to say that the best teacher is one who is the best friend of his student. He delivered lectures sitting on the floor with his students. He even used to visit his students at night in their rooms. One night during his routine visits, he found one student with a fever lying alone in his bed. He sat with the student so that the student would feel better. Shaheed Quaid always advised his students to read Namaz e Shab, telling them, as this is the only way to get nearness to Allah. He loved his students so much that he distributed half of his Rs 1200/- salary between the top and needy students.
Lectures in Peshawar
Due to Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini’s pious character and knowledge, people of Peshawar started to call him for reading Majalis there. From 1977 he started delivering lectures in Imam Bargha Akhund Abad, Peshawar. He proved his character and knowledge there. Not only did he revolutionize the lives of shias there, but he also inclined thousands of sunnis towards shi’ism through his speeches. Whenever Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini visited Peshawar, he never stayed at host’s house; rather he always stayed at his cousin’s small quarters in a railway station. He used bus or rickshaw to come to Imam Bargha and paid the fare from his pocket.
After the Islamic revolution, imperialists got scared with its spread to all over the world specially its neighboring areas and hesitantly marked areas where it could reach and influence easily. Kurrum Agency was also marked due to its all-shia population and nearness to Iran. They used Afghan refugees to suppress the Kurrum Agency’s brave population. First, big camps were erected around Kurrum Agency and then, after settling, unscrupulous elements in Afghan refugees attacked Kurrum Agency. Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini took the leading role in defending the area. He founded “Alamdar Foundation” comprising around 1200 area youths and made himself its head. He made it clear to the members of Alamdar Foundation that the future of Para Chinar is in extreme danger because America wanted to disconnect all shia centers with Islamic revolution. In defending Kurrum Agency, many gave their lives. Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini himself got severely injured when he was in a front line post defending the land. A piece of mortar shell hit his shoulder.
To help martyrs’ families, Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini founded the Shaheed Foundation and in an address to its members he said:
“It is obligatory for us to remember martyrs, praise their courage and look after their families. Arrangement of proper education should especially be the top priority for the orphans of martyrs”.
Interests in welfare projects
Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini gave utmost importance to the welfare of people and instructed members of Alamdaar Foundation to start a campaign against social evils, especially the drug heroine. For this, Shaheed Quaid personally took interest and got a welfare project constructed under his direct supervision. With this project, he arranged proper rehabilitation services for drug addicts in the hospital. Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini possessed the heart full of grief and sense of responsibility for the impoverished. Following the footsteps of his Aimmah (AS), in the night Shaheed Quaid took his students with him to distribute floor, rice, oil and money to the needy and impoverished people in their area, directly to their homes. Shaheed Quaid strictly instructed his students not to disclose the anonymity of their good deeds to anybody. As such, it was not revealed until after his death. Undoubtedly, we can say that we have lost the real Follower of Ali a.s living amongst us!
Tehreek e Nifaaz e Fiqh e Jafarria
At a nationwide convention on April 12th, 1978 in Bhakkar, Punjab, Shi’a ulema and responsible parties perceived the need to converge the Shi’a population of Pakistan under one platform. More than a hundred thousand Shi’as from around the country attended the convention. The main agenda of the convention was to evolve a strategy against General Zia ul Haq’s biased policy and decisions against the Shi’as of Pakistan. The party Tehreek e Nifaaz e Fiqh e Jafarria was formed in the convention with noisy chants of approval. Mufti Jafar Hussain was selected as their leader. Mufti Jaffer Hussain, albeit his elderly age, worked day and night, and visited every corner around the country to awaken and organize the nation.
But Mufti Jaffer Hussain’s health didn’t allow him to see the fruits of the tree from the seed he planted. He died on 29th August 1983 leaving millions of mourners behind him.
Appointment as a leader of TNFJ
The meeting of supreme council of TNFJ was called in Bhakkar, Punjab on February 10th 1984. One member put forward Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini’s name as the new leader. Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini, at first, plainly refused to accept this responsibility citing his pressing commitments in the area that he lives. The meeting was called off for one hour and Allama Syed Safder Hussain Najafi and some other elderly Ulema took Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini to the adjoining Imambargha and requested of him to accept the responsibility as leader and confirmed their complete support for him. Taking assurances from the Ulemas, Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini agreed to take responsibility of leadership.
As Walie e Faqih representative
Imam Khomeni (RA) issued a written statement announcing Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini as his representative in Pakistan. One could say that that written statement by Imam Khomeni (RA) gave real strength to Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini’s leadership as his popularity among masses increased manifold. After becoming the official representative of Wali e Faqih, Shaheed Quaid again visited the whole country with new vigor and purpose.
Love with Imam Khomeni RA
It was mere coincidence that Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini had the privilege of interaction with Imam Khomeni (RA) as a student in Najaf. From there the spiritual father/son relationship started. Shaheed Quaid was under taqleed of Imam Khomeni (RA) while he was a student. Shaheed Quaid read every book of Imam Khomeni (RA) several times and gained mastery in Imam Khomeni’s (RA) thinking and thought process. Shaheed Quaid requested the top translators and writers of Pakistan to translate Imam Khomeni’s (RA) books and write books on the life of Imam Khomeni (RA). As a leader, Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini visited country wide and introduced Imam Khomeni’s (RA) thoughts to the masses. Shaheed Quaid used to say:
“Today, the only solution to problems faced by the Islamic world is to follow the way of Imam Khomeni (RA)”. Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini continually fulfilled the thoughts and orders of Imam Khomeni (RA). Whether it was the Annual Quds Rally or women’s day program, unity week or Hajj seminar, or any other unity gatherings, Shaheed Quaid always voiced against America and thus obeying Imam Khomeni (RA) teachings.
A man of character
His servants and colleagues unfolded numerous stories of his great character in which one has a great many lessons to learn.
- His guard, Abdullah, told us that once he had very important work with a high profile personality in Peshawar. He requested of Shaheed Quaid to write a recommendation letter for him. Shaheed Quaid wrote the letter and Abdullah took that letter to the concerned person and gave it to him after introducing himself to him. After reading the letter, that important personality of Peshawar gave Abdullah a very warm welcome as he told Abdullah that Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini has written about you as his brother! It was Shaheed Quaid’s continued practice that whenever he introduced his servants to guests, he always said that they are my brothers.
- One day while driving, Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini’s car tire punctured. So Shaheed Quaid and his driver got out from the car. The driver advised Shaheed Quaid to take some rest under tree but Shaheed Quaid refused and went back to the car, got the spare tire out and helped his driver as much as he could. His driver told us that whenever Shaheed Quaid brought fruits, he placed cut pieces of fruit into the driver’s mouth for him and told him that it was his duty to do so because the driver was busy driving!
- According to his servants, Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini participated actively in kitchen and office work. Cleaning the utensils, office and other uncompleted work, which was left by servants. He used to complete them the tasks in night when everyone else was sleeping. One day Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini wished to clean the library of his office. After sometime, he requested of his office colleague that both brothers would do the cleaning together. They started cleaning the books and in doing so dust got stuck all over Shaheed Quaid!
There are many, many such stories in the hearts of those who saw and lived close to this angelic son of Imam AS. For sure millions of hearts will remain sad as long as they live, as they wouldn’t see him anymore
The sun of 5th August 1988 was about to rise. Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini went to Madressah mosque to pray Fajr Namaz. After offering prayers Shaheed Quaid went upstairs of the Madressah. His guard Zamin Ali went somewhere else. On the gate Abdullah also came in to pray, leaving gate open. In the meantime two gunmen came in to the Madressah. They directly came to Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini’s room but since he was on the upper floor of the Madressah they saw him coming downstairs, one of the assailants fired immediately but he only fired one bullet which pierced the heart of Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini. After his arrest, the one who fired revealed that he wanted to fire more bullets but his right hand paralyzed instantaneously as he couldn’t move his fingers and his right hand is still paralyzed. Both of the attackers managed to run away but later they were arrested. Maulana Jawwad Hadi was the first to see Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini lying in his own blood. They took Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini to a nearby hospital but he breathed his last in an ambulance on the way to the hospital. At the age of 42, Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini left us to meet his absolute creator, to be in the company of his peers, Muhammed Wa Aale Muhammed (Peace be upon them). Seven childrens of Shaheed Quaid Allama Arif ul Hussain Al Hussaini and a nation were orphaned.
His body was taken from Peshawar to his native village Pehwar Pakistan by helicopter. General Muhammad Zia ul Haq president of Pakistan and Special representatives of the Iranian government participated in his funeral rites. The Iranian government supported in the construction of mazar over his grave in Pehwar. His soyem was attended by Ambassadors of different countries including Morocco, Kuwait, Iraq, Syria, and Lebanon etc in Parachinar, Pakistan. (Taken from book Shohada ul ummat al Islamia, published UAE).